This past month has seen an unprecedented attack against Palestinian human rights defenders and civil society, most notably with Israel’s “Defense” Ministry’s designation of six leading Palestinian civil society organizations, among them Addameer, as “terror organizations” on 19 October 2021. Despite international condemnation, the Israeli occupation regime followed up with a military order outlawing the six organizations in the West Bank on 3 November 2021. On the heels of this decision is the revelation by Front Line Defenders of a systematic underground campaign of spyware surveillance aimed at infiltrating Palestinian HRDs and lawyers' devices, including Addameer lawyer Salah Hammouri.