Over 72 years, Israel, as the Occupying Power, has established a full apartheid apparatus to suppress, control and delegitimize the Palestinian people. The military regime in the occupied Palestinian territory exercises legislative, executive and judicial powers that have been a forceful tool in carrying out the Israeli occupation’s racist and unjust policies. As part of the military judicial system, Israeli military courts prosecute Palestinian civilians based on Israeli military orders issued by the Israeli military commander in the West Bank (and previously for Gaza), who acts as the supreme law-making power in the occupied territory. These military orders have criminalized the exercise of many fundamental rights by Palestinians, as guaranteed under international human rights and international humanitarian law.